The Health Sector Development Plan (HSDP) provides the strategic intentions needed to transform the health services of South Sudan. It sets out the main objectives and priority areas for the period 2011–2015. The HSDP does not go into detail of operational activities which are provided in specific strategic plans and workplans of institutions and programmes. The HSDP is a guide for strategic and annual operational planning by the Ministry of Health (MoH) and the State MoHs (SMoH). Objectives The HSDP is based on the Government’s Vision to contribute to a healthy and productive population, fully exercising its human potentials. It is the mission of the Government to ensure basic health care for the population which is of acceptable standards, affordable, sustainable, cost-effective and particularly addressing those most at risk, women and children. The overall objective of the HSDP is: To improve access, quality and utilization of Health Services and to strengthen Health Sector Systems, including organizational, management and wider Institutional issues.